Are you a pre-dominant Left or Right Brain user?

The Left Brain The Right Brain
Converts information from the external environment into language and helps to verbalize the information in your mind and to logically decide how best to present it. Processes information very quickly as images through our five senses and emotion.
Continuously dumps old information to make room for new. Stores every memory
Prefers study notes or written information. Likes a pictorial or diagrammatic format when taking notes during study.
We think in logical ways. We think intuitively.
Is verbal. Is visual.
Is rational. Is non-rational.
Is analytical. Is synthetic
Has numbering skills. Computer-like math calculation abilities.
Is logical and conscious. Is capable of taking in information quickly.
Is capable of scanning book pages.. We’re capable of speed-reading.
Is practical works well under stress. Is emotional. Works well when fully relaxed.
  We are capable of perfect pitch and musical aptitude
  We’re able to acquire multiple languages. .


Panic disorder is different from the normal fear and anxiety reactions to stressful events in our lives.panic

Panic disorder is a serious condition and symptoms include sudden attacks of fear and nervousness, as well as physical symptoms such as sweating and a racing heart. During a panic attack, the fear response is out of proportion for the situation, which often is not threatening. Over time, a person with panic disorder develops a constant fear of having another panic attack, which can affect daily functioning and general quality of life.

Panic disorder most often begins during late adolescence and early adulthood. It is twice as common in women as in men

Symptoms of Panic Disorder

Often last about 10 minutes, include:

  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Pounding heart or chest pain.
  • Intense feeling of dread.
  • Sensation of choking or smothering.
  • Dizziness or feeling faint.
  • Trembling or shaking.
  • Sweating
  • Nausea or stomachache.
  • Tingling or numbness in the fingers and toes.
  • Chills or hot flashes.
  • A fear that you are losing control or are about to die.

Causes Panic Disorder

The exact cause of panic disorder is not fully understood however biological and environmental, may be involved. These factors include.

  • Family history. Panic disorder has been shown to run in families.
  • Abnormalities in the brain. Panic disorder may be caused by problems in parts of the brain.
  • Substance abuse. Abuse of drugs and alcohol can contribute to panic disorder.
  • Major life stress. Stressful events and major life transitions, such as the death of a loved one, can trigger panic disorder.


Complete medical history and physical exam. There are no lab tests to specifically diagnose panic disorder.


  • Psychotherapy
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Medication
  • Relaxation techniques


  • Avoidance. Discontinue any activities that seem to trigger a panic attack making a normal work and home life nearly impossible.
  • Anticipatory anxiety. Anxiety that is triggered merely by thinking about the possibility of having an anxiety attack.
  • Agoraphobia. Fear of being in places or situations in which an attack may occur, or from which escape would be difficult or highly embarrassing. This fear can drive people to avoid public places and crowds, and may even progress to the point that the person will not leave his or her home.
  • Claustrophobia. Fear of enclosed spaces.


Panic disorder cannot be prevented; however, there are some things you can do to reduce stress and decrease symptoms, including:

  • Stop or reduce consumption of products that contain caffeine, such as coffee, tea, cola, and chocolate.
  • Ask your doctor or pharmacist before taking any over-the-counter drugs or herbal remedies. Many contain chemicals that can increase anxiety symptoms.
  • Exercise daily and eat a healthy, balanced diet.

Brain Health

Alzheimer’s Disease

What is Alzheimer’s disease?

Alzheimer’s disease is a type of dementia. Dementia is a wide range of symptoms linked to physical and functional changes in the brain. Dementia usually affects memory, thinking abilities, and behavior. These mental changes make it hard for a person who has dementia to care for him- or herself. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia, but many other things can also cause dementia.

How common is Alzheimer’s disease?

Alzheimer’s disease is common in people older than 65 years of age. People who are younger than 65 years of age can also have Alzheimer’s disease. This is called early onset Alzheimer’s. Early onset Alzheimer’s is not very common


“Progressive” means that the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease usually start slowly and are mild, then get worse over time. The process of symptoms getting worse over time is called “cognitive decline.”

In the late stages of the disease, a person who has Alzheimer’s is no longer able to communicate and depends entirely on other people for care.


It’s different for each person.

Most people live 4 to 8 years after being diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease.

Some live with the disease for up to 20 years.

Warning signs and symptoms


  • Memory loss that affects daily life.
  • Changes in the ability to follow a plan or solve a problem.
  • Changes in the ability to complete familiar tasks
  • Becoming confused about time or place
  • Problems with vision or understanding visual information
  • Problems with words
  • Misplacing things
  • Poor judgment
  • Changes in mood and personality

Causes & Risk Factors

Doctors don’t know exactly what causes Alzheimer’s disease. It appears that Alzheimer’s disease develops when clumps of abnormal proteins grow in the brain. This growth likely begins with a series of many small changes in the brain that start long before any symptoms are noticeable. Over time, these changes add up. Eventually, brain cells become damaged and die.

Age: The older you are, the greater your risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.

Genetics and family history: You are more likely to get Alzheimer’s disease if you have a family history of Alzheimer’s disease.

Down syndrome: People who have Down syndrome have a much higher risk for Alzheimer’s disease than the general population.

Environmental/lifestyle factors: Environment and Lifestyle habits also affect your risk for Alzheimer’s disease. Head trauma, cardiovascular or heart problems, diabetes, and obesity appear to increase your risk for Alzheimer’s disease.

Alzheimer’s disease also appears to be more common in women than in men. Nearly two-thirds of people who have Alzheimer’s disease are women.

Diagnosis & Tests

The diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease may take some time. There is no test that can tell your doctor whether you have Alzheimer’s disease. So, to make sure your doctor has plenty of information to help determine the cause of your symptoms.

Based on this information, your doctor can almost always tell whether you have dementia. Your doctor can tell whether Alzheimer’s disease is the cause of your dementia about 90% of the time.

Alzheimer’s disease can only be diagnosed with 100% accuracy after death, when the brain is examined under a microscope. The brain of a person who had Alzheimer’s disease will show very distinct changes that only happen when Alzheimer’s is the cause of dementia.


There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease.

Treatment focuses as:

  • Slowing the progression of symptoms such as memory loss.
  • Addressing behavior changes such as depression and aggression.
  • Helping to relieve other symptoms, such as sleep problems.


Complications of Alzheimer’s disease usually are a result of the changes that take place in the brain as the disease progresses. These changes can cause additional health problems, including:


Unreported pain


Pneumonia or other infections

Malnutrition or dehydration

Brain Diseases

The adult human brain weight varies however it is about 1.5 kg with a volume of around 1130cc in women and 1260cc in men. The human brain is composed of neurons, glial cells, and blood vessels. The number of neurons is about 200 billion with 125 trillion connections in the cerebral cortex alone.

The Brain is pre disposed to many ailments that mostly result in poor outcomes. The cost of treatment for Brain disease is also very high.

Below is a list of common brain diseases you should know about:Image


  • Meningitis: An inflammation of the lining around the brain or spinal cord, usually due to infection. Common symptoms include neck pain, headache, and confusion.
  • Encephalitis: An inflammation of the brain tissue, usually due to infection. Meningitis and encephalitis often occur together, which is called meningo- encephalitis.
  • Brain abscess: A pocket of infection in the brain, usually caused by bacteria. Antibiotics and surgical drainage of the area are often necessary.


In this category epilepsy is included. Head injuries and strokes may cause epilepsy, but usually no cause is identified.


  • Concussion: A brain injury that causes a temporary disturbance in brain function, sometimes with unconsciousness and confusion.
  • Traumatic brain injury: Permanent brain damage from a head injury and associated with obvious mental impairment or more subtle personality and mood changes can occur.
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage: Any bleeding inside the brain, which may occur after a traumatic injury or due to high blood pressure.

Tumors, Masses, and Increased Pressure

  • Brain tumor: Any abnormal tissue growth inside the brain. Whether malignant (cancerous) or benign, brain tumors usually cause problems by the pressure they exert on the normal brain.
  • Glioblastoma: An aggressive, cancerous brain tumor. Brain glioblastomas progress rapidly and are usually difficult to cure.
  • Hydrocephalus: An abnormally increased amount of cerebrospinal (brain) fluid inside the skull. Usually, this is because the fluid is not circulating properly it can be congenital or acquired.
  • Normal pressure hydrocephalus: A form of hydrocephalus that often causes problems with walking, along with dementia and urinary incontinence. Pressures inside the brain remain normal, despite the increased fluid.
  • Pseudotumor cerebri: Increased pressure inside the skull with no apparent cause. Vision changes, headaches, dizziness, and nausea are common symptoms.

Vascular (Blood Vessels) Conditions

  • Stroke: Blood flow and oxygen are suddenly interrupted to an area of brain tissue, which then dies. The body part controlled by the damaged brain area (such as an arm or a leg) may no longer function properly.
  • Ischemic stroke: A blood clot suddenly develops in an artery, blocking blood flow and causing a stroke.
  • Hemorrhagic stroke: Bleeding in the brain creates congestion and pressure on brain tissue, impairing healthy blood flow and causing a stroke.
  • Cerebrovascular accident (CVA): Another name for stroke.
  • Transient ischemic attack (TIA): A temporary interruption of blood flow and oxygen to a part of the brain. Symptoms are similar to those of a stroke, but they resolve completely (usually within 24 hours) without damage to brain tissue.